Possible Readings for

I. International Security

US Military Budget

“Money Talks: The Implications of U.S. Budget Priorities,” by Robert L. Borosage, Foreign Policy in Focus, September 1999, 34 p.

Good, but long and now relatively old.

Military-Industrial Complex

“New Military Mega-Companies: Corporate Interests or National Interests,” excerpt from Military-Industrial Complex Revisited: How Weapons Makers are Shaping U.S. Foreign and Military Policies by William D. Hartung, World Policy Institute, June 1999, 22 p.

The U.S. military and weapons makers have a mutually supportive relationship.

Hyping Terror

“Hyping Terror For Fun, Profit — And Power,” by Thom Hartmann, CommonDreams.org, December 7, 2004, 8 p.

A three-hour BBC documentary, “The Power of Nightmares,” reported that both the Soviet threat of the 1980s and the threat posed by Saddam Hussein’s Iraq were hyped by Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Paul Wolfowitz to scare the public into supporting military spending and war. All of their assertions proved to be wrong.

US Military Strategy

“Ruling Elites Move to the Right,” from Rollback: Right-wing Power in U.S. Foreign Policy, by Thomas Bodenheimer and Robert Gould, South End Press, 1989, 12 p.

Historical information about the military-industrial complex and military budgets, but now it is pretty dated.

Military in Space

“U.S. Insists on Right To Develop Arms for Outer Space,” by Stephanie Nebehay, Reuters, June 13, 2006, 2 p.

The United States reasserted its right to develop weapons for use in outer space to protect its military and commercial satellites and ruled out any global negotiations on a new treaty to limit them.

“Space Wars,” an interview with Bruce Gagnon by Adria Scharf, Dollars & Sense, March/April 2004, 7 p.

The administration’s proposal for human space exploration is designed to project U.S. military power into the skies.

US Intervention

Introduction to Empire and Revolution: The Americans in Mexico since the Civil War by John Mason Hart, University of California Press, 2002, 9 sp.

One-sentence description.


“The Economics Of Occupation,” by Michael Schwartz, TomDispatch.com, March 28, 2006, 10 p.

After Saddam Hussein was toppled in Iraq, the American victors announced that a sweeping reform of society would take place, most notably, dismantling the government-owned factories and other enterprises that constituted about 40% of the Iraqi economy.

“Is Imperial Liquidation Possible for America?” by Chalmers Johnson, TomDispatch.com, May 15, 2007, 21 p.

Today, it is the U.S. that is widely perceived as an evil empire and world forces are gathering to stop us. If we leave Iraq and our other imperial enclaves, we can regain the moral high ground and disavow the need for a foreign policy based on preventive war.

“The Hand-Over That Wasn’t: Illegal Orders Give the U.S. a Lock on Iraq’s Economy,” opinion column by Antonia Juhasz, Los Angeles Times, August 5, 2004, 3 p.

The U.S. occupation of Iraq officially ended on June 28, 2004. But in reality, the United States is still in charge: Not only do 138,000 troops remain to control the streets, but the “100 Orders” of L. Paul Bremer III, the former head of the now-defunct Coalition Provisional Authority, remain to control the economy.

“The Pentagon v. Peak Oil: How Wars of the Future May Be Fought Just to Run the Machines That Fight Them,” by Michael T. Klare, TomDispatch.com, June 14, 2007, 11 sp.

We may, someday, be fighting our “oil wars” just to preserve that very American right to run our war machines on petroleum products.

Stehen Kinzer on U.S. Intervention

“America’s 100 Years of Overthrow,” by Robert Sherrill, Texas Observer, July 25, 2006, 16 p.

The U.S. is addicted to overthrowing foreign governments — 14 in the past century — from Cuba to Chile to Iran: a summary of Overthrow by Stephen Kinzer.

Description of All The Shah’s Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror, by Stephen Kinzer, Wiley, 2003, 4 sp.

One-sentence description.

“Interview with Stephen Kinzer, Author of All The Shah’s Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror,” BuzzFlash, July 29, 2003, 10 sp.

One-sentence description.

“Interview with Stephen Kinzer: 1953+1979=2001 (Well, There’s a Link)", by Rick Shenkman, History News Network, September 26, 2005, 8 sp.

One-sentence description.

“50 Years After the CIA’s First Overthrow of a Democratically Elected Foreign Government We Take a Look at the 1953 U.S. Backed Coup in Iran,” interview with Stephen Kinzer and Professor Ervand Abrahamian by Amy Goodman, Democracy Now!, August 24, 2003, 11 sp, 32 minutes (audio includes a 15-minute documentary).

One-sentence description.

“How to Overthrow A Government Pt. 1: The 1953 U.S. Coup in Iran,” interview with Stephen Kinzer by Amy Goodman, Democracy Now!, March 5, 2004, 5 sp.

One-sentence description.

Effects of War

“A Foot in Both Places: Culture & Community at the Crossroads of War: Interviews with Arab, South Asian, and Muslim Community Activists,” American Friends Service Committee (AFSC).

An interactive educational toolkit built around 25 interviews with Arab, South Asian, and Muslim community activists focusing on how communities have responded to the post–9/11 climate, and what types of alliances they have built to defend their civil rights and civil liberties.

Aggression, Violence, and Trauma

“Aggression and Violence” entry by Dave Grossman in Oxford Companion to American Military History, 2000, 5 p.

Once the bullets start flying, most combatants stop thinking with the forebrain (that portion of the brain that makes us human) and start thinking with the midbrain (the primitive portion of our brain, which is indistinguishable from that of an animal).

Pacifism, Realism, and Just War Theory

“War,” by Brian Orend, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Winter 2005 Edition, Edward N. Zalta¬†editor, 42 p.

An exploration of Just War theory, Pacifism, and Realism, particularly exploring the strengths and weaknesses of each perspective.

Real Security

“What Is Real Security,” by Amory B. Lovins and L. Hunter Lovins, Yes! Magazine, Spring 2002.

One-sentence description.